Daftar Regular dan Irregular Verb: Pengertian, Perbedaan dan Contohnya

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Apakah Anda sedang belajar bahasa Inggris dan bingung dengan daftar regular dan irregular verb? Tenang saja, di artikel ini kami akan membahas secara lengkap pengertian, perbedaan, dan contohnya agar Anda bisa memahami keduanya dengan mudah.

Pengertian Regular dan Irregular Verb

Verb atau kata kerja dalam bahasa Inggris terbagi menjadi dua jenis, yaitu regular verb dan irregular verb. Perbedaan keduanya terletak pada cara membentuk bentuk lampau dan bentuk participles (past participle dan present participle).

Daftar Regular dan Irregular Verb

Regular verb adalah kata kerja yang membentuk bentuk lampau dan participles dengan menambahkan akhiran -ed pada kata dasar. Contoh regular verb: talk (talked, talked), walk (walked, walked), dan play (played, played).
Sedangkan, irregular verb adalah kata kerja yang membentuk bentuk lampau dan participles dengan cara yang tidak teratur atau tidak mengikuti aturan tertentu. Contoh irregular verb: go (went, gone), eat (ate, eaten), dan break (broke, broken).

Perbedaan Regular dan Irregular Verb

Ada beberapa perbedaan antara regular verb dan irregular verb yang perlu Anda ketahui, yaitu:

Cara membentuk bentuk lampau dan participles

Regular verb membentuk bentuk lampau dan participles dengan menambahkan akhiran -ed pada kata dasar. Sedangkan, irregular verb membentuk bentuk lampau dan participles dengan cara yang tidak teratur atau tidak mengikuti aturan tertentu.

Pola kalimat

Pola kalimat yang menggunakan regular verb adalah subject + verb (kata kerja) + object. Sedangkan, pola kalimat yang menggunakan irregular verb dapat bervariasi, tergantung pada kata kerjanya.

Arti kata

Arti kata regular verb seringkali dapat dipahami dari kata dasarnya, karena hanya menambahkan akhiran -ed. Sedangkan, arti kata irregular verb tidak selalu terkait dengan kata dasarnya, sehingga membutuhkan penghafalan.

Daftar Regular dan Irregular Verb

Berikut ini adalah daftar regular verb dan irregular verb. Bagi kamu yang ingin dapat list regular dan irregular verb dalam bentuk PDF, silahkan unduh melalui link yang telah kami siapkan di bawah tabel.

Regular Verbs

VERB 1 VERB 2 VERB 3 VERB-ING ARTI
accept accepted accepted accepting menerima
achieve achieved achieved achieving mencapai
act acted acted acting berperan
add added added adding menambahkan
admire admired admired admiring mengagumi
admit admitted admitted admitting mengakui
advise advised advised advising menasihati
agree agreed agreed agreeing menyetujui
allow allowed allowed allowing mengizinkan
annoy annoyed annoyed annoying mengganggu
answer answered answered answering menjawab
arrive arrived arrived arriving tiba, sampai
ask asked asked asking meminta
attend attended attended attending menghadiri
avoid avoided avoided avoiding menghindari
bake baked baked baking membakar
bathe bathed bathed bathing mandi
beg begged begged begging meminta, mengemis
behave behaved behaved behaving bertingkah
blink blinked blinked blinking berkedip
boil boiled boiled boiling mendidih
book booked booked booking memesan
brake braked braked braking mengerem
burn burned burned burning membakar
buzz buzzed buzzed buzzing berdengung
call called called calling memanggil
camp camped camped camping berkemah
carry carried carried carrying membawa
cause caused caused causing menyebabkan
change changed changed changing mengubah
choke choked choked choking tersedak
clean cleaned cleaned cleaning membersihkan
close closed closed closing menutup
collect collected collected collecting mengumpulkan
compare compared compared comparing membandingkan
compete competed competed competing bersaing
complain complained complained complaining mengeluh
cook cooked cooked cooking memasak
copy copied copied copying menyalin
continue continued continued continuing melanjutkan
cough coughed coughed coughing batuk
dance danced danced dancing menari
delay delayed delayed delaying menunda
decide decided decided deciding memutuskan
deliver delivered delivered delivering mengirim
describe described described describing menggambarkan
develop developed developed developing mengembangkan
discover discovered discovered discovering menemukan
divide divided divided dividing membagi
dream dreamed dreamed dreaming bermimpi
earn earned earned earning menghasilkan (uang)
educate educated educated educating mendidik
employ employed employed employing mempekerjakan
end ended ended ending mengakhiri
enjoy enjoyed enjoyed enjoying menikmati
entertain entertained entertained entertaining menghibur
escape escaped escaped escaping melarikan diri
explain explained explained explaining menjelaskan
face faced faced facing menghadapi
fix fixed fixed fixing memperbaiki
fold folded folded folding melipat
frighten frightened frightened frightening menakuti
gather gathered gathered gathering mengumpulkan
glue glued glued gluing merekatkan
grab grabbed grabbed grabbing mengambil
guard guarded guarded guarding menjaga
guess guessed guessed guessing menebak
guide guided guided guiding memandu
handle handled handled handling menangani
happen happened happened happening terjadi
harm harmed harmed harming membahayakan
help helped helped helping membantu
hug hugged hugged hugging memeluk
hunt hunted hunted hunting berburu
ignore ignored ignored ignoring mengabaikan
imagine imagined imagined imagining membayangkan
improve improved improved improving memperbaiki
increase increased increased increasing meningkat
inform informed informed informing memberitahu
intend intended intended intending berniat
invent invented invented inventing menciptakan
jog jogged jogged jogging lari pelan-pelan
join joined joined joining mengikuti
joke joked joked joking bercanda
judge judged judged judging menghakimi
jump jumped jumped jumping melompat
kick kicked kicked kicking menendang
kiss kissed kissed kissing mencium
laugh laughed laughed laughing tertawa
listen listened listened listening mendengarkan
live lived lived living tinggal, hidup
look looked looked looking melihat
love loved loved loving mencintai
manage managed managed managing mengelola
mark marked marked marking menandai
melt melted melted melting mencair, meleleh
miss missed missed missing merindukan, kehilangan
mix mixed mixed mixing mencampur, mengaduk
move moved moved moving bergerak, berpindah
need needed needed needing memerlukan
nod nodded nodded nodding mengangguk
notice noticed noticed noticing melihat, memperhatikan
observe observed observed observing mengamati
obtain obtained obtained obtaining memperoleh
offer offered offered offering menawarkan
open opened opened opening membuka
owe owed owed owing berhutang
pass passed passed passing melewati, lulus
perform performed performed performing melakukan
phone phoned phoned phoning menelepon
plan planned planned planning merencanakan
play played played playing bermain
pray prayed prayed praying berdoa
press pressed pressed pressing menekan
pretend pretended pretended pretending berpura-pura
print printed printed printing mencetak
produce produced produced producing menghasilkan
promise promised promised promising berjanji
provide provided provided providing menyediakan
pull pulled pulled pulling menarik
push pushed pushed pushing mendorong
question questioned questioned questioning mempertanyakan
receive received received receiving menerima
record recorded recorded recording merekam
reflect reflected reflected reflecting mencerminkan
refuse refused refused refusing menolak
regret regretted regretted regretting penyesalan
remember remembered remembered remembering ingat
remind reminded reminded reminding mengingatkan
remove removed removed removing menghapus
repair repaired repaired repairing memperbaiki
report reported reported reporting melaporkan
request requested requested requesting meminta
roll rolled rolled rolling menggulung
rub rubbed rubbed rubbing menggosok
save saved saved saving menyimpan
say said said saying berkata
serve served served serving melayani
shop shopped shopped shopping berbelanja
ski skied skied skiing bermain ski
smell smelled smelled smelling mencium (bau)
smile smiled smiled smiling tersenyum
smoke smoked smoked smoking merokok
sneeze sneezed sneezed sneezing bersin
spell spelled spelled spelling mengeja
squeeze squeezed squeezed squeezing meremas
stare stared stared staring menatap
start started started starting mulai
stay stayed stayed staying tinggal
stop stopped stopped stopping berhenti
study studied studied studying belajar
talk talked talked talking berbicara
test tested tested testing menguji
thank thanked thanked thanking berterimakasih
tickle tickled tickled tickling menggelitik
tie tied tied tying mengikat
touch touched touched touching menyentuh
travel traveled traveled traveling bepergian
try tried tried trying berusaha
type typed typed typing mengetik
unite united united uniting bersatu
use used used using menggunakan
vanish vanished vanished vanishing melenyapkan
visit visited visited visiting mengunjungi
wait waited waited waiting menunggu
walk walked walked walking berjalan
wash washed washed washing mencuci
waste wasted wasted wasting membuang
watch watched watched watching menonton
water watered watered watering menyiram
wipe wiped wiped wiping menghapus
wish wished wished wishing berharap
wonder wondered wondered wondering bertanya-tanya
work worked worked working bekerja
yawn yawned yawned yawning menguap
yell yelled yelled yelling berteriak
zip zipped zipped zipping membuka retsleting
zoom zoomed zoomed zooming memperbesar/kecil
Baca juga :  Inilah 65 Kosakata Bahasa Inggris yang Jarang Digunakan

Irregular Verbs

VERB 1 VERB 2 VERB 3 VERB-ING ARTI
arise arose arisen arising timbul, muncul
be was, were been being menjadi
bear bore born/borne bearing melahirkan
beat beat beaten/beat beating mengalahkan
become became become becoming menjadi
befall befell befallen befalling menimpa
begin began begun beginning memulai
bend bent bent bending membungkuk, menekuk
beset beset beset besetting menimpa, mengelilingi
bet bet/betted bet/betted betting bertaruh
bite bit bitten biting menggigit
bleed bled bled bleeding berdarah
blow blew blown blowing meniup, berhembus
break broke broken breaking memecahkan
bring brought brought bringing membawa
build built built building membangun
burn burned/burnt burned/burnt burning membakar
burst burst burst bursting meletus
buy bought bought buying membeli
cast cast cast casting melemparkan
catch caught caught catching menangkap
choose chose chosen choosing memilih
cling clung clung clinging melekat
come came come coming datang
cost cost/costed cost/costed costing menghabiskan (biaya)
creep crept crept creeping merayap
cut cut cut cutting memotong
deal dealt dealt dealing berurusan
dig dug dug digging menggali
do did done doing melakukan
draw drew drawn drawing menggambar
dream -ed/dreamt -ed/dreamt dreaming bermimpi
drink drank drunk drinking minum
drive drove driven driving mendorong, menyetir
eat ate eaten eating makan
fall fell fallen falling jatuh
feed fed fed feeding memberi makan
feel felt felt feeling merasa
fight fought fought fighting berkelahi
find found found finding menemukan
fly flew flown flying terbang
forbid forbade forbidden forbidding melarang
forecast forecast forecast forecasting meramal cuaca
foresee foresaw foreseen foreseeing meramalkan
foretell foretold foretold foretelling meramalkan
forget forgot forgotten/forgot forgetting lupa, melupakan
forgive forgave forgiven forgiving memaafkan
freeze froze frozen freezing membekukan
get got gotten/got getting mendapatkan
give gave given giving memberikan
go went gone going pergi
grow grew grown growing tumbuh
hang hung hung hanging menggantung
have had had having memiliki
hear heard heard hearing mendengar
hide hid hidden hiding menyembunyikan
hit hit hit hitting memukul
hold held held holding memegang
hurt hurt hurt hurting menyakiti
keep kept kept keeping menjaga
kneel knelt/-ed knelt/-ed kneeling berlutut
knit knitted/knit knitted/knit knitting merajut
know knew known knowing tahu, mengetahui
lay laid laid laying meletakkan
lead led led leading memimpin
lean -ed/leant -ed/leant leaning bersandar
leap -ed/leapt -ed/leapt leaping melompat
learn -ed/learnt -ed/learnt learning belajar
leave left left leaving meninggalkan
lend lent lent lending meminjamkan
let let let letting membiarkan
lie lay lain lying berbaring
light lit/lighted lit/lighted lighting menyalakan
lose lost lost losing kalah, kehilangan
make made made making membuat
mean meant meant meaning berarti
meet met met meeting bertemu
mislay mislaid mislaid mislaying salah meletakkan
mislead misled misled misleading menyesatkan
misspell -ed/misspelt -ed/misspelt misspelling salah mengeja
mistake mistook mistaken mistaking berbuat salah
mow mowed mowed/mown mowing memotong rumput
outdo outdid outdone outdoing mengalahkan
outgrow outgrew outgrown outgrowing tumbuh lebih besar
outshine outshone outshone outshining lebih cemerlang dari
overcome overcame overcome overcoming mengatasi
overhear overheard overheard overhearing menguping
overpay overpaid overpaid overpaying membayar lebih
overrun overran overrun overrunning menyerbu
oversee oversaw overseen overseeing mengawasi
overshoot overshot overshot overshooting melampaui
oversleep overslept overslept oversleeping ketiduran, kesiangan
overtake overtook overtaken overtaking menyusul
overthrow overthrew overthrown overthrowing menggulingkan
overwrite overwrote overwritten overwriting menulis terlalu banyak
partake partook partaken partaking mengambil bagian
pay paid paid paying membayar
prepay prepaid prepaid prepaying membayar di awal
proofread proofread proofread proofreading mengoreksi
prove proved proven proving membuktikan
put put put putting meletakkan, menaruh
quit quit quit quitting berhenti
read read read reading membaca
rebuild rebuilt rebuilt rebuilding membangun kembali
repay repaid repaid repaying membayar kembali
rethink rethought rethought rethinking memikirkan kembali
rewind rewound rewound rewinding memundurkan (audio/video)
rewrite rewrote rewritten rewriting menulis kembali
rid rid rid ridding membersihkan
ride rode ridden riding mengendarai
ring rang rung ringing berdering
rise rose risen rising naik, terbit
run ran run running berlari
saw sawed sawed/sawn sawing menggergaji
say said said saying mengatakan
see saw seen seeing melihat
seek sought sought seeking mencari
sell sold sold selling menjual
send sent sent sending mengirim
set set set setting mengatur
sew sewed sewn sewing menjahit
shake shook shaken shaking menggoyang
shear sheared sheared/shorn shearing mencukur
shed shed shed shedding menumpahkan
shine shone shone shining bersinar
shoe shod shod shoeing memberi tapal besi
shoot shot shot shooting menembak
show showed shown showing menunjukkan
shrink shrank shrunk shrinking menyusut
shut shut shut shutting menutup
sing sang sung singing bernyanyi
sink sank sunk sinking tenggelam
sit sat sat sitting duduk
slay slew slain slaying membunuh
sleep slept slept sleeping tidur
slide slid slid sliding meluncur
sling slung slung slinging melemparkan
slink slunk slunk slinking mengendap-endap
slit slit slit slitting membuat celah
smell -ed/smelt -ed/smelt smelling mencium (bau)
sow sowed sown/sowed sowing menaburkan
speak spoke spoken speaking berbicara
speed sped/-ed sped/-ed speeding mempercepat
spell -ed/spelt -ed/spelt spelling mengeja
spend spent spent spending menghabiskan
spill -ed/spilt -ed/spilt spilling menumpahkan
spin spun spun spinning berputar
spit spat spat spitting meludah
split split split splitting membagi
spread spread spread spreading menyebar
spring sprang sprung springing meloncat, muncul
stand stood stood standing berdiri
steal stole stolen stealing mencuri
stick stuck stuck sticking melekat, menempelkan
sting stung stung stinging menyengat
stink stank stunk stinking berbau busuk/keras
stride strode stridden striding melangkahi
strike struck struck striking menyerang
string strung strung stringing merentangkan
strive strove striven striving berjuang
swear swore sworn swearing bersumpah
sweep swept swept sweeping menyapu
swim swam swum swimming berenang
swing swung swung swinging berayun
take took taken taking mengambil
teach taught taught teaching mengajar
tear tore torn tearing merobek
tell told told telling menceritakan
think thought thought thinking berpikir
throw threw thrown throwing melemparkan
understand understood understood understanding memahami
undertake undertook undertaken undertaking melakukan
undo undid undone undoing membuka, melepaskan
unwind unwound unwound unwinding beristirahat
upset upset upset upsetting kecewa
wake woke woken waking bangun
wear wore worn wearing memakai
weave wove woven weaving menenun
wed wed/wedded wed/wedded wedding menikah, menikahkan
weep wept wept weeping menangis, meratapi
win won won winning menang
wind wound wound winding memutar, melilit
withdraw withdrew withdrawn withdrawing menarik
withhold withheld withheld withholding menahan
wring wrung wrung wringing memeras
write wrote written writing menulis
Baca juga :  150 Kosakata Bahasa Inggris Untuk Anak SD Kelas 2 Beserta Artinya

Regular Verb dan Irregular Verb versi pdf

Kesimpulan

Daftar regular dan irregular verb adalah konsep dasar dalam bahasa Inggris yang perlu dipahami dengan baik. Regular verb dan irregular verb memiliki perbedaan dalam cara membentuk bentuk lampau dan participles, pola kalimat, dan arti kata. Dengan memahami perbedaan tersebut, Anda akan lebih mudah dalam berbicara dan menulis dalam bahasa Inggris. Ingatlah untuk terus memperbarui pengetahuan tentang daftar regular dan irregular verb, agar Anda semakin mahir dalam berbahasa Inggris.

FAQ

Bagaimana cara mengetahui regular verb?

Pada regular verbs, pola penulisan untuk kedua bentuk tersebut sudah pasti sama, yaitu diberi akhiran “-ed” untuk kosa kata yang diakhiri oleh konsonan dan vokal “a, i, u, o”, serta akhiran “-d” untuk kosa kata yang diakhiri huruf vokal “e”

Berapa jumlah regular verb?

Regular verb dibagi menjadi tiga tingkatan bentuk kata kerja. Ada Verb 1, Verb 2, dan Verb 3 atau yang kemudian terkenal dengan sebutan verb123.

Kenapa disebut regular verb?

Pengertian Regular Verb adalah bentuk kata kerja beraturan yang memiliki aturan pasti dalam membentuk simple past tense dan past participle dari kata kerja tersebut.

Mengapa penting untuk memahami regular dan irregular verb?

Memahami regular dan irregular verb sangat penting dalam belajar bahasa Inggris, karena dapat mempengaruhi arti kalimat dan membuat pembicaraan menjadi lebih lancar.

Apa perbedaan does dan did?

Does dipakai pada kalimat dengan subjek berupa he, she, dan it. Sedangkan do digunakan untuk subjek I, you, we, dan they. Kemudian hal yang membedakan did dan do adalah did merupakan kata kerja bentuk verb 2 dari do. Artinya, did digunakan dalam kalimat yang menerangkan kondisi lampau atau yang sudah terjadi.